• Digital World and Robotics
  • Energy and Environment
  • Health and Nutrition
  • Maritime Ambitions
  • Societal and economic transition & Risk management

Evo-Eco-Paleo laboratory (EEP, Evo-Eco-Paléo)

Research unit - UMR 8198


The scientific objective of our laboratory is to advance the understanding of the origin and evolution of biodiversity and paleo-biodiversity, in particular with respect to environmental changes at various temporal scales. Our laboratory has extensive expertise in population genetics and genomics, evolutionary ecology, paleontology, paleoecology and eco-immunology, and develops research projects that integrate modeling, experimentation, molecular, phenotypic and floristic data acquisition, as well as biostatistical and bioinformatics analyses. The unit consists of two teams: the Evolution & Ecology team and the Paleontology team.


  • Xavier Vekemans


Bâtiment SN2, Avenue Mendeleïev
Campus Cité Scientifique, Université de Lille


Evo-Eco-Paleo laboratory


Effectif total : 73

Personnel de recherche : 32

Personnel d'appui à la recherche : 19



• Evolution of reproductive systems in plants and its consequences on genome evolution
• Evolution of paleo-biodiversity in relation to changes of the environment
• Identification of acclimation or adaptation processes in populations of plants and marine annelids in response to recent global changes
• Dynamics of mutualistic interaction networks including plant-pollinator networks
• Reconstitution of paleo-ecosystems
• Bioinformatics
• Morphological evolution

Example(s) of projects

• ERC Consolidator NOVEL project "Emergence of novel phenotypes in co-evolving biological systems: allelic diversification and dominance at the Self-incompatibility locus in Arabidopsis" 🡭
• CNRS 80_PRIME project EnviroMolSed "Reconstructing Plio-Pleistocene hydrosystemsin the Omo-Turkana Basinwith integrative studies of sedimentology and freshwater mollusks" 🡭 🡭
• CPER CLIMIBIO project "Climate change, Atmospheric dynamics, Impacts on biodiversity and human health" 🡭
• ANR EARTHGREEN project "Understanding the greening of the early Earth" 🡭

Example(s) of publications

• Faucher, L., Hénocq, L., Vanappelghem, C., Rondel, S., Quevillart, R., Gallina, S., … Arnaud, J.-F. (2017). When new human-modified habitats favour the expansion of an amphibian pioneer species: Evolutionary history of the natterjack toad ( Bufo calamita ) in a coal basin. Molecular Ecology, 26(17), 4434–4451. doi: 10.1111/mec.14229 🡭
• Fisogni, A., Hautekèete, N., Piquot, Y., Brun, M., Vanappelghem, C., Michez, D., & Massol, F. (2020). Urbanization drives an early spring for plants but not for pollinators. Oikos, 129(11), 1681–1691. doi: 10.1111/oik.07274 🡭
• Saumitou-Laprade, P., Vernet, P., Vekemans, X., Billiard, S., Gallina, S., Essalouh, L., … Baldoni, L. (2017). Elucidation of the genetic architecture of self-incompatibility in olive: Evolutionary consequences and perspectives for orchard management. Evolutionary Applications, 10(9), 867–880. doi: 10.1111/eva.12457 🡭
• Van Bocxlaer, B., Clewing, C., Duputié, A., Roux, C., & Albrecht, C. (2021). Population collapse in viviparid gastropods of the Lake Victoria ecoregion started before the Last Glacial Maximum. Molecular Ecology, 30(2), 364–378. doi: 10.1111/mec.15599 🡭
• Zacaï, A., Monnet, C., Pohl, A., Beaugrand, G., Mullins, G., Kroeck, D. M., & Servais, T. (2021). Truncated bimodal latitudinal diversity gradient in early Paleozoic phytoplankton. Science Advances, 7(15), eabd6709. doi: 10.1126/sciadv.abd6709 🡭

Discover the complete list of publications here.

Collaborations/Partners/Scientific clients

ENS Lyon; Lab. De Géologie de Lyon; LGDP Perpignan; LBBE Lyon; INRA Rennes; Ecole Polytechnique; ISYEB MNHN; CR2P MNHN; CEFE Montpellier; ISEM Montpellier; ECOBIO Rennes; ESE Orsay; Biogéosciences Dijon; LEMAR Brest; CEREGE Poitiers

Natural History Museum of Berlin (Germany), Friedrich–Alexander University Erlangen–Nürnberg (Germany), Max Planck Potsdam (Germany), Martin Luther University of Halle-Wittenberg (Germany), The University of Queensland (Australia), Institut Royal des Sciences Naturelles (Belgium), Ghent University (Belgium), Meise Botanic Garden (Belgium), University of Liège (Belgium), Catholic University of Louvain (Belgium), McGill University (Canada), University of Toronto (Canada), UC Davis (USA), Colorado state University (USA), University of Nevada Reno (USA), Ohio University (USA), Indiana University (USA), National and Kapodistrian University of Athens (Greece), University of Tokyo (Japan), Ehime University (Japan), Shiba University (Japan), Institute of Biophysics (Czech Republic), University of Edinburgh (UK), Durham University (UK), University of Lausanne (Switzerland)

Collaborations/Partners/Private Clients

AFIDOL, Bureau d'études OGE, Keygene (Netherlands), SESVanderHave (Belgium)

Services offers

Applications sectors

  • Science / Research

Services provided

• Extraction of micro-fossils (including palynomorph fossils) and preparation for their observation
• Observation and image processing of fossil and current organisms (SEM, 3D scanner)
• Cultures in experimental greenhouses (Greenhouses platform, experimental crops and land)

Consulting services

We provide consulting services related to all our areas of expertise.


Our unit has the following infrastructures:
• a paleontology research library
• scientific collections (paleobotany, micropaleontology)
• molecular biology and biochemistry equipment
• paleontological analysis and preparation equipment
• observation equipment (SEM, microscopes, stereomicroscope)

See the detailed list of equipment here: https://eep.univ-lille.fr/infrastructures/bibliotheque-recherche-de-paleontologie/presentation-3/ and here https://eep.univ-lille.fr/infrastructures/collections-scientifiques/presentation-4/

Biological materials

• Collections of living plants and seeds for different species studied in the unit
• Paleontological collections


Affiliated institutions / organisations


Doctoral schools

Regional strategic areas of activity

  • Digital World and Robotics
    • Artificial intelligence, image processing, data science
  • Energy and Environment
    • Biodiversity
    • Observation, monitoring and management of the environment
  • Health and Nutrition
    • Food ingredients
  • Maritime Ambitions
    • Protection and development of the coastline
  • Societal and economic transition & Risk management
    • Industrial and territorial ecology
    • Territories, heritage and culture